IVF or In-vitro Fertilization is an ART solution which is routinely used to help couples facing fertility issues
Follicular monitoring is a process where regular monitoring of the growth of follicles in the ovaries is done with the help of ultrasound and or hormonal blood tests. It is used when a female is undergoing fertility treatment.
In a menstrual cycle, there is development of multiple follicles in the ovaries, each containing an egg. Follicular monitoring with the help of ultrasonography helps the fertility specialists in assessing the size and maturity of these follicles, along with the thickness of the uterine lining. Follicular monitoring is crucial in helping to determine the optimal timing for procedures such as ovum pick up or timed intercourse or intrauterine insemination.
Why follicular monitoring is done?
1.Timing of certain procedures: By monitoring the growth of follicles, infertility specialists can determine when the oocytes are mature and ready for ovum retrieval or intrauterine insemination or timing of intercourse so as to increase chances of pregnancy.
2.Dose of medications: Follicular monitoring helps infertility specialists to evaluate the response to fertility medications in any particular patient. Dose of injections or medications which help in the growth of follicles can be increased or decreased according to the assessment of the size of follicles.
3.Identification of any particular problem: Follicular monitoring helps to identify any abnormality during ovarian stimulation. It can detect problem if the ovaries are not responding to the medications or the response is poor or if there is hyper response. This information is important as it allows the clinician to make informed decisions regarding the treatment plan.
4.Estimation of success : Follicular monitoring can provide insights into the potential success of the infertility treatment. By monitoring the development of follicles closely, infertility specialists can optimize the chances of successful outcomes of assisted reproductive techniques like, IVF (in vitro fertilization), IUI (intrauterine insemination), or timed intercourse.
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